In the rich tapestry of dental care history in the United States, there lie fascinating stories, renowned names, and brilliant innovations that have shaped modern dentistry. While the roots of dental advancements stretch worldwide, it’s remarkable to note that the U.S. has been the birthplace of many pioneering milestones.
- Paul Revere: The Dentist Among Heroes (1768-1770) Beyond his heroic role as a silversmith and the midnight rider of the Revolutionary War, Paul Revere made an intriguing foray into dentistry. Notably, he became the first to employ dental forensics to identify a body. Following the Battle of Breed’s Hill in Boston, Revere confirmed the identity of his friend, Dr. Joseph Warren, through a dental bridge he had personally crafted for him.
- George Washington’s Dental Odyssey (1789) As the nation’s first president, George Washington faced dental challenges that called for innovation. Enter American dentist John Greenwood, who fashioned a set of false teeth for Washington using an unconventional mix of materials: hippopotamus ivory, gold wire, brass, and even human teeth. Contrary to popular belief, Washington’s dentures were not made of wood, and some of them can still be seen in museums near his former residence.
- Pioneering the Dental School (1840) Horace Hayden and Chapin Harris left an indelible mark by establishing the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery—the world’s first dental school. This institution also granted the pioneering Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree, a title that was later adopted by dental schools globally. The school eventually merged with the University of Maryland, while Harvard University introduced the Dentariae Medicinae Doctorae (DMD) degree, leading to some confusion over the two designations for essentially the same dental degree!
- Tube Packaging Revolutionizes Oral Hygiene (1880s) A game-changer in at-home oral care, the invention of metal tube packaging made toothpaste more convenient than ever. No longer did people have to mix powder with water to create their toothpaste; now, it could be readily squeezed from a tube for effortless use.
- The Radiant Arrival of X-Rays (1896) Just a year after German physicist William Roentgen’s groundbreaking discovery of x-rays, American dentist C. Edmond Kells took a historic step by capturing the first dental x-ray of a living patient. This momentous event ushered in a new era, with x-rays becoming a powerful tool for dental diagnosis and treatment planning.