Dental crowns, also known as caps, are a fundamental aspect of restorative dentistry, frequently performed by skilled dentists. If you’ve been informed that you need a dental crown, there’s no need to worry. These crowns not only restore the functionality of your smile but also enhance its aesthetics. Thanks to modern advancements, the procedure is now faster and more efficient than ever before.
Understanding the anatomy of a tooth is crucial before delving into the details of dental crowns. A tooth consists of two parts: the crown, which is the visible portion above the gums, and the root or roots, nestled within the gums and jawbone. The term “crown” can refer to both the visible part of your natural tooth and an artificial crown used to repair a damaged tooth.
Typically, minor tooth damage due to decay or accidents can be fixed with a simple filling or bonding procedure. However, in cases of extensive decay or damage, your dentist may recommend replacing the entire outer structure of the tooth. This restorative process is known as a dental crown or cap.
The process begins with the removal of some of the outer tooth structure, followed by the attachment of the custom-made crown using a permanent adhesive cement. This crown is precisely crafted to match the size, shape, and color of your original tooth.
In the past, dental crowns were primarily made from metal, such as precious metals, semi-precious metals, or metal alloys. However, with advancements in dental materials technology, a variety of tooth-colored crown materials have emerged. Most of these modern crowns are crafted from porcelain, carefully mimicking the color, texture, and light-reflecting properties of natural tooth enamel.